The Ankle Joint The ankle joint is also known as the talocrural joint. The ankle joint is the most frequently injured joint in the body. The main movements of the ankle joint include dorsiflexion and plantarflexion.
Injuries of the Ankle Joint Injuries of the ankle joint are very common. Often they happen with a sudden sharp twist of the ankle, upon a result of losing ones balance. These ankle injuries can happen in our everyday life, Often as a result of a slip or fall. Ankle injuries can increase when one wears high heels or is overweight.
Sprains & Strains An ankle strain occurs when a muscle or tendon overstretches. An ankle sprainoccurs when strong connective tissue that connects one bone to another (ligaments). Ofen an ankle sprain results from twisting on the weight bearing foot. It is often an inversion type of injury (the foot is forcefully inverted or turned inward).This often happens when a person steps on an uneven surface and falls. What happens is that this stretches most of the fibres of the lateral ligaments and tears some of them; Often the ankle will become painful and becomes swelled.
Treatment for Ankle Injuries Most ankle strains and sprains heal in 2 to 6 weeks, with proper treatment. Severe injuries may take as long as 12 weeks to heal and may require physical therapy to restore full muscle balance and strength. Physical therapy may involve stretching the Achilles tendon, as well as coordination and speed exercises. During this time, the ankle may require taping or bracing to provide support until full function is regained.
Patients who experience an ankle injury are at risk for recurrent injury during and following recovery and should take precautions. Shoes that provide stability and support are a prudent investment, and supplemental bracing with a specially fitted elastic wrap may be recommended. In some cases, custom orthotics are prescribed to help provide ankle stability after an injury.
Sprains are graded on a scale of 1 to 3 (mild, moderate, and severe), depending on the degree of tearing to the ligaments. Often x-rays are taken to find out if there is a fracture or a dislocation
Treatment usually involves RICE - rest, ice, compression, and elevation:
Rest: The injured body part should be immobilized (kept stationary) for 3 to 6 days. This decreases internal bleeding and swelling to preven the injury from becoming worse Ice: This is the best method for soft-tissue injuries. It aids in reducing swelling, bleeding, spasms and pain. Apply within 24 hours of injury, using the 20-50 rule of 20 minutes on, 50 minutes off. With our CorPak™, you can both ice and heat. To activate, you simply chill in the freezer or heat in the microwave. CorPaks also feature a soft “frost free” surface that protects your skin and non-toxic gel that’s biodegradable. Compression: For a severe injury, immediate compression (pressure) is important to decrease bleeding and keep fluids from pooling in the area. Compression should be continued throughout the day and removed at night. The adjustable strapping on our CorPaks makes it easy to ice and compress simultaneously. Elevation: Elevating the injured area above the heart helps reduce internal bleeding and swelling.
It is important to stabilize the ankle joint and support stretched tendons and ligaments with our Ankle Supports Arc4life is proud to offer a variety of ankle support products. Its important to stabilize the ankle joint and support stretched tendons and ligaments, especially after severe sprains, strains or cast removal. You can use the CorPak™ hot and cold therapies to decrease swelling, increase circulation and promote healing. Even after the swelling comes down, your ankle may still be weak because you haven't used it on a regular basis (it has not been weight bearing for a period of time). Utilize the Core ankle supports to help prevent future injury.